In 1980, the American League in Major League Baseball had played with a designated hitter for seven season. That August, the National League voted to see whether or not to have a designated hitter. Bill Giles, general manager of the Philadelphia Phillies abstained because he was unable to contact owner, Rudy Carpenter who had gone fishing. Hardy Peterson, GM of the Pittsburgh Pirates, was told to follow the Phillies no matter what. The final vote had four pro-DH, five no, and three abstaining. John Clairborne, GM for the St. Louis Cardinals and leading proponent for the DH, was fired five days later. The NL still does not play with a designated hitter.